Friday, 25 May, 2018

Fissures spread from Hawaii volcano, threatening more homes

Hawaii's Kilauea Volcano Erupts, Destroys Homes (PHOTOS) More evacuations from Hawaii volcano as two new vents open
Ebony Burgess | 10 May, 2018, 14:36

Pebble-sized rocks could also be thrown several miles.

In areas 10 to 20 miles away downwind, fine ash could float from the sky like snow, USGS scientist Donald Swanson said.

The volcano's eruption on May 3 sparked lava flows, opened fissures, destroyed structures and forced evacuations of people living within the lava zone. Last Thursday, it began releasing lava into two fissures that opened 25 miles (40 kilometers) from the summit crater.

Lava drained from the collapsed crater underground.

A residential area named as Leilani Estates is heavily affected by the lava and there are a number of cracks which continue to ooze lava every now and then.

Instead, it's breathing the noxious gases and avoiding the lava from the erupting Kilauea volcano that should be their main concerns.

That raises the risk for an explosion at the summit.

Scientists said the occurrence of an explosion or multiple explosions would be contingent on a rock fall within the volcano's inner tunnel or conduit - and there have been frequent rockfalls so far in this eruption - once the magma in that tunnel has dropped to meet the ground water, creating steam.

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An influx of groundwater could interact with the lava and create steam explosions, it added.

Lava spewing in fountains up to 300 feet high from an erupting Hawaiian volcano has destroyed 35 homes and other buildings, officials said on Monday, warning residents allowed brief visits to their properties to be prepared to flee at a moment's notice. Small amounts of fine ash from these explosions fell over a wide area as far north as North Hilo (Hakalau), in lower Puna, and as far south as Waiohinu. Ash could cause eye and respiratory irritation, cut back visibility and intrude with electrical strains, the Los Angeles Instances reported. Hawai'i Volcanoes National Park sees almost 2 million visitors a year.

Steam-driven explosions were observed at Kilauea in 1924, when there was a similar drop in lava levels, Ms Neal said.

In other words, he understands for the first time the risk of volcanic eruption in reality - not just in Hawaiian folklore.

"Walking in acid rain, or even swimming in a lake affected by acid rain, is no more unsafe to humans than walking in normal rain or swimming in non-acidic lakes", the EPA says. (RL Christiansen/USGS) Fast moving lava flow during a 1983 eruption.

But the eruptions could resume.

The 13th and 14th vent erupted Tuesday in the Leilani Estates area, where roughly 1,700 residents were asked to evacuate last week. In 2016, when lava from Kilauea began pouring into the sea, lava boat tours became popular (it stopped flowing into the ocean in late 2017). For now, that involves putting together a team, which includes Hawaii County Mayor Harry Kim and Hawaii Emergency Management Agency administrator Thomas Travis, to review PGV's emergency response plan and take the independent steps necessary to protect the public.

Local authorities said dozens of people evacuated from the southeast end of the island in and around Leilani Estates remained at shelters Wednesday.

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